19 abril 2021 22:44

Modelo de precios microeconómicos

¿Qué es un modelo de precios microeconómicos?

Un modelo de precios microeconómico describe los precios de un bien en un mercado particular en función de la oferta y la demanda. Los modelos de precios microeconómicos son representaciones básicas de un mercado individual, que muestran cómo aumenta la cantidad de un bien a medida que aumenta la demanda (y por lo tanto el precio) de ese bien. Los modelos de precios microeconómicos ilustran cómo los mercados individuales buscan el equilibrio. La búsqueda del equilibrio en el precio de un bien y la cantidad ofrecida como teoría es parte de la economía clásica. Aunque no se ilustró en términos de curvas de oferta y demanda con puntos de equilibrio de precios, la » mano invisible » de Adam Smith fue una versión narrativa de un modelo de precios microeconómico que muestra cómo la oferta y la demanda en un mercado en particular guiarán a los participantes en competencia a un precio de equilibrio..

Comprensión de los modelos de precios microeconómicos

Los modelos de precios microeconómicos más básicos tienen el precio en el eje y y la cantidad en el eje x. La línea de oferta y la línea de demanda se cruzan en el medio del gráfico, formando una X perfecta con equilibrio en el medio. Este tipo de modelo de precios microeconómicos es una simplificación excesiva, por supuesto, y la mayoría de los modelos trazan diferentes puntos de precio, superponiendo múltiples curvas de demanda a lo largo de la línea de oferta para ilustrar cómo la creciente demanda puede mover la oferta hacia arriba en un mercado con puntos de precio estimados.

Law of Supply and Demand

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Law of Supply and Demand

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